Mary Edwards Walker, physician, activist & only woman to be awarded the Medal of Honor, (24/30)
Born in Oswego County, New York, Mary Edwards Walker enrolled in Syracuse Medical College, and graduated with a doctor of medicine degree in 1855. She entered private practice, married another physician, Albert Miller, and moved to Rome, New York.
At the beginning of the American Civil War in 1861, Mary went to Washington, D.C, to offer her services to the government as a physician. Unable to obtain an appointment in the Army as a surgeon due to her sex, and declining employment as a nurse, Dr. Walker accepted an unpaid volunteer position in the temporary military hospital housed in the U.S. Patent Office, and worked without official standing in field hospitals in Virginia. She also organized the Women's Relief Organization to aid the wives and mothers of wounded soldiers who came to visit Washington area hospitals.
Later, the War Department assigned Mary as medical director in a hospital for women prisoners in Louisville, Kentucky, until she left government employment. Commended by Major Generals William T. Sherman and George H. Thomas for meritorious service, President Andrew Johnson awarded her the Medal of Honor on November 11, 1865.
In an unfortunate turn of events, in 1917, the U.S. government changed the criteria for the Medal of Honor and withdrew Walker's medal—she refused to return the medal though.
Following the Civil War, Mary left the practice of medicine and became an author, lecturer, and active Women's Suffrage campaigner.
She died February 21, 1919, in Oswego, New York. Nearly 60 years after her death, in 1977, Mary Walker's Medal of Honor was posthumously restored by President Jimmy Carter.
Two six foot tables filled with thousands of letters to our Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients. Yesterday’s CMOH Luncheon was a huge success thanks to all of you who participated! I will post more pics soon - and I’ve got more work for all of you coming soon - so don’t get too comfortable!! 😊🇺🇸🇺🇸
March 25th is National Medal of Honor Day. Let us honor all of those who sacrificed their lives and who have received the nation's highest and most prestigious recognition for their act of valor. Show your support by watching Cigarette Soup, now available on major digital platforms. A portion of proceeds go to benefit the Semper Fi Fund.
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Our Irish Born Medal of Honor Stories for Irish American Heritage Month continue today- No. 23
Brevet Major General of Volunteers Charles H. T. Collis MOH
Charles Henry Tucker ͚Tucky͛ Collis was born in County Cork on February 4, 1838. He emigrated with his father to the United States in 1853. He was a keen cricketer, playing the first English cricket team to tour overseas in 1859. Collis was admitted to the Bar in 1859.
When the #AmericanCivilWar broke out, he enlisted in the 18th Pennsylvania (3 Month Volunteer) Infantry Regiment. Within three months he had risen to the rank of Sergeant Major. Following his first enlistment, Collis raised a company from amongst European immigrants, called: Collis' Independent Company ͚Zouaves d'Afrique͛. He was given the rank of Captain. On September 1, 1862, after his unit performed well in the Shenandoah Valley, Collis was promoted to Colonel and recruited the 114th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
He commanded the regiment during the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862, for which he later received the #MedalofHonor .
He was wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville and contracted typhoid fever, but recovered by August 1863, becoming a brigade commander under Major General David B. Birney. On December 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln nominated Collis for appointment to the brevet grade of Brigadier General of Volunteers to rank from October 28, 1864 and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on February 14, 1865. Collis was given command of an independent brigade, commanding this unit during the Siege of Petersburg.
He mustered out of service on May 29, 1865. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Collis for appointment to the brevet grade of Major General of Volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.
Following the war, Collis returned to practicing law, becoming an Assistant City Solicitor in Philadelphia. Collis built a summer house in Gettysburg which still stands on Seminary Ridge.
Collis died on May 11 1902 and is buried at Gettysburg National Cemetery. #irishamerican#militaryhistory#Ireland