an online Instagram web viewer

#artifactoftheday medias

Photos

@museumofbible 
#ArtifactoftheDay The Copper Scroll Facsimile. 
Unique among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Instead of literary text, it lists locations for a large mound of hidden gold or silver. Where these treasures came from, and whether they ever existed, are debated questions. https://t.co/hzD3wWdNG8
@museumofbible #ArtifactoftheDay  The Copper Scroll Facsimile. Unique among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Instead of literary text, it lists locations for a large mound of hidden gold or silver. Where these treasures came from, and whether they ever existed, are debated questions. https://t.co/hzD3wWdNG8
xSay2
#ArtifactoftheDay The Copper Scroll Facsimile. 
Unique among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Instead of literary text, it lists locations for a large mound of hidden gold or silver. Where these treasures came from, and whether they ever existed, are debated questions. #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  The Copper Scroll Facsimile.  Unique among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Instead of literary text, it lists locations for a large mound of hidden gold or silver. Where these treasures came from, and whether they ever existed, are debated questions. #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay Why We Can't Wait by Martin Luther King Jr., 1964.
King published Why We Can't Wait during the 1960s' American civil rights movement. Presented in the book is his landmark "Letter from Birmingham Jail," in which he stated: ". . . just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel . . . to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel . . . beyond my own home town." #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible #MLK
#ArtifactoftheDay  Why We Can't Wait by Martin Luther King Jr., 1964. King published Why We Can't Wait during the 1960s' American civil rights movement. Presented in the book is his landmark "Letter from Birmingham Jail," in which he stated: ". . . just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel . . . to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel . . . beyond my own home town." #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible  #MLK 
#ArtifactoftheDay: @billygraham’s personal Bible with notes. A major voice in the evangelical movement, Graham drew his message of hope from the Bible. His sermons inspired millions of listeners in the United States and the world. #museumoftheBible #billygraham
#ArtifactoftheDay : @billygraham’s personal Bible with notes. A major voice in the evangelical movement, Graham drew his message of hope from the Bible. His sermons inspired millions of listeners in the United States and the world. #museumoftheBible  #billygraham 
#ArtifactoftheDay Thomas Jefferson compiled Jesus’s teachings in the Gospels, while excluding miracles and most other supernatural elements. He called Jesus’s moral system the “most perfect and sublime that has ever been taught by man.” The original can be seen @amhistorymuseum. #museumoftheBible #americanhistory #jefferson
#ArtifactoftheDay  Thomas Jefferson compiled Jesus’s teachings in the Gospels, while excluding miracles and most other supernatural elements. He called Jesus’s moral system the “most perfect and sublime that has ever been taught by man.” The original can be seen @amhistorymuseum. #museumoftheBible  #americanhistory  #jefferson 
@museumofbible 
#ArtifactoftheDay Devoted to creating a realistic rendering of the scene, Friberg studied George Washington's uniform @smithsonian and sketched the wintry setting on the banks of the Schuylkill River in Valley Forge, experiencing the same biting cold that Washington had endured. https://t.co/C2z8xDzXua
@museumofbible #ArtifactoftheDay  Devoted to creating a realistic rendering of the scene, Friberg studied George Washington's uniform @smithsonian and sketched the wintry setting on the banks of the Schuylkill River in Valley Forge, experiencing the same biting cold that Washington had endured. https://t.co/C2z8xDzXua
#ArtifactoftheDay The Prayer at Valley Forge by Arnold Friberg, 1975.
Friberg painted The Prayer at Valley Forge to celebrate the bicentennial of the American Revolution. Devoted to creating a realistic rendering of the scene, he studied George Washington's uniform at the Smithsonian Institution, and sketched the wintry setting on the banks of the Schuylkill River in Valley Forge, experiencing the same biting cold that Washington had endured. #PresidentsDay #POTUS1 #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  The Prayer at Valley Forge by Arnold Friberg, 1975. Friberg painted The Prayer at Valley Forge to celebrate the bicentennial of the American Revolution. Devoted to creating a realistic rendering of the scene, he studied George Washington's uniform at the Smithsonian Institution, and sketched the wintry setting on the banks of the Schuylkill River in Valley Forge, experiencing the same biting cold that Washington had endured. #PresidentsDay  #POTUS1  #museumoftheBible 
Malta (Latin Melite Africana) was part of a small archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea south of Sicily and the largest of the three main islands in the archipelago. The ancient name for the island is derived from Phoenician Maleth, which means “refuge,” and has continued in use to the present day. In 218 BC during the Second Punic War, Malta surrendered to the Romans and became part of the Roman province of Sicily. Coins found on Malta dating up to the time of the Roman takeover show use of the Punic language and Phoenician script. Inscriptions discovered on Malta, including bilingual texts, demonstrate that Punic or Phoenician was used alongside Greek and Latin even in the 1st century AD as the local language. During the Roman Republic period, local coins inscribed with Greek and Latin (MELITAS) were issued, often with the head of a goddess on the obverse. The latest known is this Semis of 15 BC, since Malta ceased issuing local coins when the Empire minted and distributed their standardized coins throughout the provinces. Information about Malta in the Roman period is limited, but a few ancient texts and archaeology has revealed that there were temples of Melqart, Juno/Astarte, Proserpina, Artemis, and Apollo, an abandoned sanctuary of Baal-Hammon, Emperor worship, multiple harbors, and Roman villas. It was on this small island that the Apostle Paul, while sailing to Rome, probably around late October of 59 AD, was shipwrecked along with 275 others after being pushed off course by storms in the Adriatic Sea. After they made it safely ashore, they discovered that the name of the island was Malta (Melite). The locals were described by Luke as “barbaroi,” meaning they were not speaking Greek or Latin. Since the people spoke the Punic dialect, descended from Phoenician, which was extremely close to ancient Hebrew, Paul would have been able to carry on a conversation with them even without using Greek or Latin. Acts 27:14-28:1. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #malta #coin #melite #island #mdina #phoenician #punic #greek #latin #sicily #roman #empire #paul #apostle #acts #newtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday #artifact
Malta (Latin Melite Africana) was part of a small archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea south of Sicily and the largest of the three main islands in the archipelago. The ancient name for the island is derived from Phoenician Maleth, which means “refuge,” and has continued in use to the present day. In 218 BC during the Second Punic War, Malta surrendered to the Romans and became part of the Roman province of Sicily. Coins found on Malta dating up to the time of the Roman takeover show use of the Punic language and Phoenician script. Inscriptions discovered on Malta, including bilingual texts, demonstrate that Punic or Phoenician was used alongside Greek and Latin even in the 1st century AD as the local language. During the Roman Republic period, local coins inscribed with Greek and Latin (MELITAS) were issued, often with the head of a goddess on the obverse. The latest known is this Semis of 15 BC, since Malta ceased issuing local coins when the Empire minted and distributed their standardized coins throughout the provinces. Information about Malta in the Roman period is limited, but a few ancient texts and archaeology has revealed that there were temples of Melqart, Juno/Astarte, Proserpina, Artemis, and Apollo, an abandoned sanctuary of Baal-Hammon, Emperor worship, multiple harbors, and Roman villas. It was on this small island that the Apostle Paul, while sailing to Rome, probably around late October of 59 AD, was shipwrecked along with 275 others after being pushed off course by storms in the Adriatic Sea. After they made it safely ashore, they discovered that the name of the island was Malta (Melite). The locals were described by Luke as “barbaroi,” meaning they were not speaking Greek or Latin. Since the people spoke the Punic dialect, descended from Phoenician, which was extremely close to ancient Hebrew, Paul would have been able to carry on a conversation with them even without using Greek or Latin. Acts 27:14-28:1. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #malta  #coin  #melite  #island  #mdina  #phoenician  #punic  #greek  #latin  #sicily  #roman  #empire  #paul  #apostle  #acts  #newtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday  #artifact 
Check out the Museum of the Bible’s Artifact of the day!

#Repost @museumofbible ・・・
#ArtifactoftheDay Walker's Appeal (1848), a radical antislavery tract, calls on slaves to rebel against their masters, "to kill or be killed." David Walker, a free African American, also rebuked Christian ministers who quoted the Bible to advocate slavery. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
Check out the Museum of the Bible’s Artifact of the day! #Repost  @museumofbible ・・・ #ArtifactoftheDay  Walker's Appeal (1848), a radical antislavery tract, calls on slaves to rebel against their masters, "to kill or be killed." David Walker, a free African American, also rebuked Christian ministers who quoted the Bible to advocate slavery. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay Walker's Appeal (1848), a radical antislavery tract, calls on slaves to rebel against their masters, "to kill or be killed." David Walker, a free African American, also rebuked Christian ministers who quoted the Bible to advocate slavery. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Walker's Appeal (1848), a radical antislavery tract, calls on slaves to rebel against their masters, "to kill or be killed." David Walker, a free African American, also rebuked Christian ministers who quoted the Bible to advocate slavery. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
Dashing through the...mud?  It's thawing out up on the mountain which means mud season is upon us. In the Appalachians, sleds were commonly used instead of wagons to carry loads. Runners would glide easily through the mud or across fields, whereas wagon wheels easily got stuck. This sled was made by Harv Reid for Foxfire. You can read about it and other examples in the summer 1976 issue (now available in our shop!)
Dashing through the...mud? It's thawing out up on the mountain which means mud season is upon us. In the Appalachians, sleds were commonly used instead of wagons to carry loads. Runners would glide easily through the mud or across fields, whereas wagon wheels easily got stuck. This sled was made by Harv Reid for Foxfire. You can read about it and other examples in the summer 1976 issue (now available in our shop!)
#ArtifactoftheDay: My Bondage and My Freedom by Frederick Douglass, 1855. In his second autobiography, Douglass states, "in the name of the constitution and the bible...everything that serves to perpetuate slavery– the great sin and shame of America!" #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay : My Bondage and My Freedom by Frederick Douglass, 1855. In his second autobiography, Douglass states, "in the name of the constitution and the bible...everything that serves to perpetuate slavery– the great sin and shame of America!" #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay This first-edition King James Bible was printed in London by Robert Barker in 1611. In the first edition fo the King James Bible, the manuscripts consulted for Ruth had the masculine form of the verb at 3:15, which translates as: "and he went into the citie."
#museumoftheBible #KJV #Bible
#ArtifactoftheDay  This first-edition King James Bible was printed in London by Robert Barker in 1611. In the first edition fo the King James Bible, the manuscripts consulted for Ruth had the masculine form of the verb at 3:15, which translates as: "and he went into the citie." #museumoftheBible  #KJV  #Bible 
Repost from @museumofbible @TopRankRepost #TopRankRepost #ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
Repost from @museumofbible @TopRankRepost #TopRankRepost  #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible repost @museumofbible
#ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible  repost @museumofbible
When I hear "man wrote the Bible", this is the kind of 'bible' they would write, one that's filled with self-serving principles, lust & hate.
.
No. Man didn't write the Bible. God did. And I'm so thankful.
.
#Repost @museumofbible
・・・
#ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
When I hear "man wrote the Bible", this is the kind of 'bible' they would write, one that's filled with self-serving principles, lust & hate. . No. Man didn't write the Bible. God did. And I'm so thankful. . #Repost  @museumofbible ・・・ #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
@Regrann from @texas_black_pages - FAMILY: @museumofbible -  #ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible - #regrann
@Regrann from @texas_black_pages - FAMILY: @museumofbible - #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible  - #regrann 
FAMILY: @museumofbible -  #ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible - #regrann
FAMILY: @museumofbible - #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible  - #regrann 
#ArtifactoftheDay Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1852. Uncle Tom's Cabin was 1st published in installments in the abolitionist newspaper The National Era. Once published as a book, it sold over 300,000 copies in the US during its first year. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1852. Uncle Tom's Cabin was 1st published in installments in the abolitionist newspaper The National Era. Once published as a book, it sold over 300,000 copies in the US during its first year. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
Woooow!!! I never knew this! #Repost @museumofbible with @get_repost
・・・
#ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
Woooow!!! I never knew this! #Repost  @museumofbible with @get_repost ・・・ #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
#Repost @woke_christian with @get_repost
・・・
From @museumofbible - #ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
#Repost  @woke_christian with @get_repost ・・・ From @museumofbible - #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
From @museumofbible - #ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
From @museumofbible - #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
Artifact Highlight - WWI Helmet circa 1918

This M1917 helmet belonged to Marine Arthur E. Lyng.  Lyng was a Navy Cross and Distinguished Service Cross recipient at St. Etienne, France.  He served in the 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment.  His helmet was painted after the Armistice.

This artifact can be viewed in our WWI Gallery.

#WWIWednesday #history #wwicentennial #marines #usmcmuseum #artifactoftheday
Artifact Highlight - WWI Helmet circa 1918 This M1917 helmet belonged to Marine Arthur E. Lyng. Lyng was a Navy Cross and Distinguished Service Cross recipient at St. Etienne, France. He served in the 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment. His helmet was painted after the Armistice. This artifact can be viewed in our WWI Gallery. #WWIWednesday  #history  #wwicentennial  #marines  #usmcmuseum  #artifactoftheday 
Repost from @museumofbible using @RepostRegramApp - #ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
Repost from @museumofbible using @RepostRegramApp - #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
I had my own encounter with God way before I ever considered reading His Word. All of creation testifies that God is real and that #JESUS IS LORD! The Holy Spirit will lead us into all truth and understanding. What Satan meant for evil, God will turn around for good. Thank You Jesus, for this incredible gift that we call the #Bible! #BibleJourney ❤️
.
.
.
#Repost @museumofbible:
#ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
I had my own encounter with God way before I ever considered reading His Word. All of creation testifies that God is real and that #JESUS  IS LORD! The Holy Spirit will lead us into all truth and understanding. What Satan meant for evil, God will turn around for good. Thank You Jesus, for this incredible gift that we call the #Bible ! #BibleJourney  ❤️ . . . #Repost  @museumofbible: #ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay: Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808.
This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV, it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom. The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay : Parts of the Holy Bible, Selected for the Use of the Negro Slaves (also known as "Slave Bible"), 1808. This volume is called "Holy," but it is deeply manipulative. Based on the #KJV , it omits all entries that express themes of #freedom . The story of Exodus, for example, describing the Israelites' escape from slavery in Egypt, is missing. The editors left out entire books and large portions of others; their selections stressed obedience, submission, and acceptance. The book was part of an inhumane process to make slaves docile and subservient, to break their spirits. #BlackHistoryMonth  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay Matthew Bible, 1537. This Bible was published by John Rogers under the pseudonym Thomas Matthew. As stated on the title page, the Matthew Bible was published with the "King's most gracious license." #museumoftheBible #artifact
#ArtifactoftheDay  Matthew Bible, 1537. This Bible was published by John Rogers under the pseudonym Thomas Matthew. As stated on the title page, the Matthew Bible was published with the "King's most gracious license." #museumoftheBible  #artifact 
#ArtifactoftheDay Coverdale Bible, 1535. Miles Coverdale published the first complete Bible in the English language. His New Testament was based largely on Tyndale's work. For the Old Testament, he relied on Luther's work, the Vulgate, and others. #museumoftheBible #Artifact
#ArtifactoftheDay  Coverdale Bible, 1535. Miles Coverdale published the first complete Bible in the English language. His New Testament was based largely on Tyndale's work. For the Old Testament, he relied on Luther's work, the Vulgate, and others. #museumoftheBible  #Artifact 
#ArtifactoftheDay This is a Peshitta from Iraq dating to the ninth century AD.
The earliest Syriac translation of the New Testament—called the Peshitta—was prepared between the first and second centuries AD, and is most likely the earliest translation of the New Testament from the original Greek. Like the Vulgate and other early Bible translations, the text of the Peshitta has remained constant since its creation and continues to be used as a liturgical language. Over the centuries, the Peshitta was widely used among the Christians in the Middle East, and is still used today by the Syriac Orthodox Church. #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  This is a Peshitta from Iraq dating to the ninth century AD. The earliest Syriac translation of the New Testament—called the Peshitta—was prepared between the first and second centuries AD, and is most likely the earliest translation of the New Testament from the original Greek. Like the Vulgate and other early Bible translations, the text of the Peshitta has remained constant since its creation and continues to be used as a liturgical language. Over the centuries, the Peshitta was widely used among the Christians in the Middle East, and is still used today by the Syriac Orthodox Church. #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay These unopened ration cookies were produced by the Harrison Brothers Bakery during World War II. William and Gordon Harrison were the sons of Dent Harrison the founder of what is now known as the POM Bakery. / #ObjetduJour Cette ration de biscuits non-ouverte a été produite par la Harrison Brothers Bakery pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. William et Gordon Harrison étaient les fils de Dent Harrison le fondateur de ce qui est maintenant connu sous le nom de POM Bakery. #cookie #ration #rationpack #biscuit #pombakery #worldwar2 #worldwarii #ww2 #museumcollection #militarymuseum #oldcookies
#ArtifactoftheDay  These unopened ration cookies were produced by the Harrison Brothers Bakery during World War II. William and Gordon Harrison were the sons of Dent Harrison the founder of what is now known as the POM Bakery. / #ObjetduJour  Cette ration de biscuits non-ouverte a été produite par la Harrison Brothers Bakery pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. William et Gordon Harrison étaient les fils de Dent Harrison le fondateur de ce qui est maintenant connu sous le nom de POM Bakery. #cookie  #ration  #rationpack  #biscuit  #pombakery  #worldwar2  #worldwarii  #ww2  #museumcollection  #militarymuseum  #oldcookies 
Repost from @museumofbible using @RepostRegramApp - Today is Holocaust Remembrance Day. On Kristallnacht, mobs of Nazis and Hitler Youth stormed Jewish neighborhoods, smashed windows of Jewish homes, looted shops and destroyed synagogues. As seen, Torah scrolls were destroyed and used to make shoe soles and wallets.
#museumoftheBible #HolocaustRemembrance #ArtifactoftheDay
Repost from @museumofbible using @RepostRegramApp - Today is Holocaust Remembrance Day. On Kristallnacht, mobs of Nazis and Hitler Youth stormed Jewish neighborhoods, smashed windows of Jewish homes, looted shops and destroyed synagogues. As seen, Torah scrolls were destroyed and used to make shoe soles and wallets. #museumoftheBible  #HolocaustRemembrance  #ArtifactoftheDay 
Today is Holocaust Remembrance Day. On Kristallnacht, mobs of Nazis and Hitler Youth stormed Jewish neighborhoods, smashed windows of Jewish homes, looted shops and destroyed synagogues. As seen, Torah scrolls were destroyed and used to make shoe soles and wallets.
#museumoftheBible #HolocaustRemembrance #ArtifactoftheDay
Today is Holocaust Remembrance Day. On Kristallnacht, mobs of Nazis and Hitler Youth stormed Jewish neighborhoods, smashed windows of Jewish homes, looted shops and destroyed synagogues. As seen, Torah scrolls were destroyed and used to make shoe soles and wallets. #museumoftheBible  #HolocaustRemembrance  #ArtifactoftheDay 
Haut und Hülle. Byzantinische Reliquiare und ihre Bilder: 
Reliquien, das sind zumeist unansehnliche Reste, etwa Knochen, Holzsplitter, ein blut- oder ölgetränktes Textilfragment, Steine oder Erde. Sie selbst tragen kein sichtbares Zeichen der ihnen zugeschriebenen Heiligkeit. Es sind erst die ›Hüllen‹, die Reliquien aus dieser Aporie befreien und ihnen Authentizität und Autorität verleihen; aus Dingen werden Artefakte.
Der Begriff der Hülle formuliert a priori ein Spannungsfeld zwischen innen und außen. Hüllen verbergen und schützen (umhüllen), ermöglichen zugleich aber auch Zugang und gesteigerte Sichtbarkeit (enthüllen). Eine vermeintlich restringierte Präsenz (verbergen), entpuppt sich also als Mittel zur gesteigerten Wirkmächtigkeit. Techniken und Praktiken des Umhüllens und Enthüllens byzantinischer Reliquien sind vielfältig. So können neben den Reliquienbehältern, ihrer Gestaltung, den Bildern und Inschriften auch die Kontexte ihrer Verwahrung und Zugänglichkeit (Architektur, Liturgie), ja sogar die hagiographischen Texte als ›Hüllen‹ eine gewinnbringende Betrachtung erfahren.
Die Vorlesung der Byzantinischen Archäologie Freiburg im Sommersemester 2018 wird die oft prächtige, teils skurrile Materialisierung byzantinischen Reliquienkults vor Augen führen. In welchem Verhältnis stehen die Strategien des Verhüllens und Enthüllens zu den Objekten – Bildern – Texten und umgekehrt?

Lit.: C. Hahn - H. Klein (Hrsg.), Saints and Sacred Matter: the Cult of Relics in Byzantium and Beyond (Washington D.C. 2015)

#byzantine, #byzantium, #christianart, #arthistory, #materialculture, #archaeology, #constantinople, #inscriptions, #icons, #relics, #reliquaries, #holycross, #unifreiburg, #liturgy, #artifactoftheday, #archäologie, #kunstgeschichte, #Byzanz, #reliquie, #golden

Photo: CC0
Haut und Hülle. Byzantinische Reliquiare und ihre Bilder: Reliquien, das sind zumeist unansehnliche Reste, etwa Knochen, Holzsplitter, ein blut- oder ölgetränktes Textilfragment, Steine oder Erde. Sie selbst tragen kein sichtbares Zeichen der ihnen zugeschriebenen Heiligkeit. Es sind erst die ›Hüllen‹, die Reliquien aus dieser Aporie befreien und ihnen Authentizität und Autorität verleihen; aus Dingen werden Artefakte. Der Begriff der Hülle formuliert a priori ein Spannungsfeld zwischen innen und außen. Hüllen verbergen und schützen (umhüllen), ermöglichen zugleich aber auch Zugang und gesteigerte Sichtbarkeit (enthüllen). Eine vermeintlich restringierte Präsenz (verbergen), entpuppt sich also als Mittel zur gesteigerten Wirkmächtigkeit. Techniken und Praktiken des Umhüllens und Enthüllens byzantinischer Reliquien sind vielfältig. So können neben den Reliquienbehältern, ihrer Gestaltung, den Bildern und Inschriften auch die Kontexte ihrer Verwahrung und Zugänglichkeit (Architektur, Liturgie), ja sogar die hagiographischen Texte als ›Hüllen‹ eine gewinnbringende Betrachtung erfahren. Die Vorlesung der Byzantinischen Archäologie Freiburg im Sommersemester 2018 wird die oft prächtige, teils skurrile Materialisierung byzantinischen Reliquienkults vor Augen führen. In welchem Verhältnis stehen die Strategien des Verhüllens und Enthüllens zu den Objekten – Bildern – Texten und umgekehrt? Lit.: C. Hahn - H. Klein (Hrsg.), Saints and Sacred Matter: the Cult of Relics in Byzantium and Beyond (Washington D.C. 2015) #byzantine , #byzantium , #christianart , #arthistory , #materialculture , #archaeology , #constantinople , #inscriptions , #icons , #relics , #reliquaries , #holycross , #unifreiburg , #liturgy , #artifactoftheday , #archäologie , #kunstgeschichte , #Byzanz , #reliquie , #golden  Photo: CC0
Perhaps one of the most elaborate pieces in our collection is this model fire truck originally built by Fire Marshall Lew Marks in the 1950s and then loving  constructed by retired Captain Pat O’Hare. Swipe left for more images. #artifactoftheday #firetruck #yycmuseums #yychistory #calgaryfire #firehistory #modeltrucks
Then and now. These call boxes found throughout the community were used to contact the fire department in case of an emergency. Swipe left for images.  #artifactoftheday #firehistory #alarmbox #callbox #yychistory #yycmuseums #thenandnow #gamewell
Today people around the world are celebrating the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul the Apostle. Gustav Doré illustrated this image of Paul on his way to Damascus from Acts 4. You can read about Paul's conversion in Acts 9 and see this piece on our History Floor! #museumoftheBible #StPaul #EmbraceMuseums #ArtifactoftheDay
Today people around the world are celebrating the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul the Apostle. Gustav Doré illustrated this image of Paul on his way to Damascus from Acts 4. You can read about Paul's conversion in Acts 9 and see this piece on our History Floor! #museumoftheBible  #StPaul  #EmbraceMuseums  #ArtifactoftheDay 
#ArtifactoftheDay Codex Valmadonna I, a Hebrew Torah codex dated to 1189, is the only known Hebrew book that can be dated to a time before the expulsion of the Jews from England in 1290.
#museumoftheBible #embracemuseums #Torah
Then and now. One of our Executive Director’s favourite object is the spare tire cover for the Sparky Community Safety van in the eighties! Swipe left to see it! #museums #artifacts #yychistory #thenandnow #firesafety #firehistory #firefighter #artifactoftheday
#ArtifactoftheDay The picture above taken in 1954 shows Maj-Gen C. B. Price, Honorary Colonel of the RMR accepting a scroll from the mayor Roy Campbell. The Freedom of City grants the RMR with rights and privileges such as marching through the streets of Westmount with drums, colours flying and fixed bayonets. / #ObjetduJour La photo ci-dessus, prise en 1954, montre le Major-général C. B. Price, colonel honoraire du RMR, acceptant un parchemin du maire Roy Campbell. Le Droit de Cité accorde certains droits et privilèges au RMR comme de pouvoir défiler dans les rues de Westmount avec tambours, drapeaux flottants et baïonnettes aux canons. #westmount #fromthecollection #archives #militarymen #museumcollection #officialpapers #1950s #mayors #oldocuments #artifact #militaryhistory
#ArtifactoftheDay  The picture above taken in 1954 shows Maj-Gen C. B. Price, Honorary Colonel of the RMR accepting a scroll from the mayor Roy Campbell. The Freedom of City grants the RMR with rights and privileges such as marching through the streets of Westmount with drums, colours flying and fixed bayonets. / #ObjetduJour  La photo ci-dessus, prise en 1954, montre le Major-général C. B. Price, colonel honoraire du RMR, acceptant un parchemin du maire Roy Campbell. Le Droit de Cité accorde certains droits et privilèges au RMR comme de pouvoir défiler dans les rues de Westmount avec tambours, drapeaux flottants et baïonnettes aux canons. #westmount  #fromthecollection  #archives  #militarymen  #museumcollection  #officialpapers  #1950s  #mayors  #oldocuments  #artifact  #militaryhistory 
#ArtifactoftheDay KJV Bible (1613) printed in London by Robert Barker, the official royal printer. In 1604, King James I commissioned the translation of a new English Bible, known today as the King James Bible. It is now one of the most popular Bible translations of all time. #EmbraceMuseums #museumoftheBible #KJV
#ArtifactoftheDay  KJV Bible (1613) printed in London by Robert Barker, the official royal printer. In 1604, King James I commissioned the translation of a new English Bible, known today as the King James Bible. It is now one of the most popular Bible translations of all time. #EmbraceMuseums  #museumoftheBible  #KJV 
Byzantinische Archäologie: Straight Outta Constantinople - Die sog. Pilastri Acritani

Als Bulldozer im Frühjahr 1960 bei Straßenbauarbeiten im Sarçhane-Viertel von Istanbul zufällig auf prächtig dekorierte Marmorblöcke mit Resten einer Inschrift stießen, war die architekturhistorische Bedeutung dieser Entdeckung schnell erkannt. Die berühmte Polyeuktoskirche (6. Jh. n. Chr.) der Anicia Juliana war wiedergewonnen. 
Plötzlich konnten wiederverwendete Bauskulpturen an ganz unterschiedlichen Orten als ursprüngliche Bauglieder ebendieser Polyeuktoskirche erkannt werden. Die sog. Pilastri Acritani, heute vor der Südfassade des Markusdoms in Venedig aufgestellt, sind Teil dieser archäologischen Detektivgeschichte. Nach der Plünderung Konstantinopels durch die Kreuzfahrer im Jahr 1204 gelangten die Pfeiler als Raubgut in die Lagunenstadt. 
Die den Pfeilern ausgemeißelten Monogramme haben bereits früh das Interesse der Forschung geweckt, wobei jeder Autor stets glaubte, die einzig richtige Lösung gefunden zu haben. Tatsächlich jedoch ist bis heute keine überzeugende Auflösung dieser rätselhaften Schriftzeichen gelungen.

Lit.: R. S. NELSON, The history of Legends and the Legends of History: The Pilastri Acritani in Venice, in: H. Maguire – R. S. Nelson (Hrsg.), San Marco, Byzantium, and the myths of Venice, Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine symposia and colloquia (Washington 2010) 63–90

#byzantine, #byzantineart, #byzantium, #constantinople, #justinian, #sanmarco, #venice, #serenissima #architecture, #4thcrusade, #1204, #byzantineseals, #arthistory, #epigraphy, #stonemasonry, #artifactoftheday, #istanbul, #ancientmarble, #marble, #monograms, #inscriptions, #unifreiburg, #calligraphy, #straightouttaconstantinople, #hagiasophia
Byzantinische Archäologie: Straight Outta Constantinople - Die sog. Pilastri Acritani Als Bulldozer im Frühjahr 1960 bei Straßenbauarbeiten im Sarçhane-Viertel von Istanbul zufällig auf prächtig dekorierte Marmorblöcke mit Resten einer Inschrift stießen, war die architekturhistorische Bedeutung dieser Entdeckung schnell erkannt. Die berühmte Polyeuktoskirche (6. Jh. n. Chr.) der Anicia Juliana war wiedergewonnen. Plötzlich konnten wiederverwendete Bauskulpturen an ganz unterschiedlichen Orten als ursprüngliche Bauglieder ebendieser Polyeuktoskirche erkannt werden. Die sog. Pilastri Acritani, heute vor der Südfassade des Markusdoms in Venedig aufgestellt, sind Teil dieser archäologischen Detektivgeschichte. Nach der Plünderung Konstantinopels durch die Kreuzfahrer im Jahr 1204 gelangten die Pfeiler als Raubgut in die Lagunenstadt. Die den Pfeilern ausgemeißelten Monogramme haben bereits früh das Interesse der Forschung geweckt, wobei jeder Autor stets glaubte, die einzig richtige Lösung gefunden zu haben. Tatsächlich jedoch ist bis heute keine überzeugende Auflösung dieser rätselhaften Schriftzeichen gelungen. Lit.: R. S. NELSON, The history of Legends and the Legends of History: The Pilastri Acritani in Venice, in: H. Maguire – R. S. Nelson (Hrsg.), San Marco, Byzantium, and the myths of Venice, Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine symposia and colloquia (Washington 2010) 63–90 #byzantine , #byzantineart , #byzantium , #constantinople , #justinian , #sanmarco , #venice , #serenissima  #architecture , #4thcrusade , #1204 , #byzantineseals , #arthistory , #epigraphy , #stonemasonry , #artifactoftheday , #istanbul , #ancientmarble , #marble , #monograms , #inscriptions , #unifreiburg , #calligraphy , #straightouttaconstantinople , #hagiasophia 
January 20th marks the commemoration of Richard Rolle of Hampole. This 14th century manuscript, the Rosebury Rolle, is named after the Medieval English mystic and contains his commentary and translation of the Psalms and Canticles. #artifactoftheday #onthisday #manuscript
January 20th marks the commemoration of Richard Rolle of Hampole. This 14th century manuscript, the Rosebury Rolle, is named after the Medieval English mystic and contains his commentary and translation of the Psalms and Canticles. #artifactoftheday  #onthisday  #manuscript 
Byzantinische Archäologie: Wir haben neue Fotografien von ausgewählten Exponaten unserer Lehrsammlung angefertigt (Herzlicher Dank gilt den IAW-Kolleg*Innen der Abteilung für Klassische Archäologie!). Die Artefakte entstammen bedeutenden Stätten unserer Disziplin (Caričin Grad, Korykos, Nicaia, Qal'at Sim’an, Resafa u.a.). Im kommenden Wintersemester 2018/19 werden wir gemeinsam mit den Student*Innen einen Sammlungskatalog erarbeiten und spannende Objekt-Geschichten erzählen.
Weckt diese Pilgerampulle aus Abu Mena, Ägypten bereits Interesse? Das Original und entsprechende Literatur findet sich in unserer Fachbibliothek…

#archaeoloy, #byzantium, #freiburg, #byzantine, #artifactoftheday, #pilgrimage
Byzantinische Archäologie: Wir haben neue Fotografien von ausgewählten Exponaten unserer Lehrsammlung angefertigt (Herzlicher Dank gilt den IAW-Kolleg*Innen der Abteilung für Klassische Archäologie!). Die Artefakte entstammen bedeutenden Stätten unserer Disziplin (Caričin Grad, Korykos, Nicaia, Qal'at Sim’an, Resafa u.a.). Im kommenden Wintersemester 2018/19 werden wir gemeinsam mit den Student*Innen einen Sammlungskatalog erarbeiten und spannende Objekt-Geschichten erzählen. Weckt diese Pilgerampulle aus Abu Mena, Ägypten bereits Interesse? Das Original und entsprechende Literatur findet sich in unserer Fachbibliothek… #archaeoloy , #byzantium , #freiburg , #byzantine , #artifactoftheday , #pilgrimage 
#ArtifactoftheDay The Khabouris Codex written on parchment in Iraq during the eleventh century AD.
---
The Khabouris Codex is a complete Peshitta, or traditional Syriac New Testament, which does not include the disputed books of 2 Peter, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, and the book of Revelation. Though this manuscript dates to the eleventh century, a scribal note records that this codex was copied from a much older Peshitta, dating to the second century AD. #Artifact #history #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  The Khabouris Codex written on parchment in Iraq during the eleventh century AD. --- The Khabouris Codex is a complete Peshitta, or traditional Syriac New Testament, which does not include the disputed books of 2 Peter, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, and the book of Revelation. Though this manuscript dates to the eleventh century, a scribal note records that this codex was copied from a much older Peshitta, dating to the second century AD. #Artifact  #history  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay Book of Common Prayer and the Bible bound in one volume. This manuscript is filled with illustrations. The Book of Common Prayer was printed in 1679 and the KJV Bible was printed in 1682. #artifact #prayer #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Book of Common Prayer and the Bible bound in one volume. This manuscript is filled with illustrations. The Book of Common Prayer was printed in 1679 and the KJV Bible was printed in 1682. #artifact  #prayer  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay A Catholic translation of the New Testament in German, translated by Jerome Esmer and printed in 1527. #museumoftheBible #artifact #Catholic
Today's #artifactoftheday is the hammer from a #percussionrifle. We found bits and pieces of what is likely the same #firearm in this field. #archaeology #labwork
#Repost @museumofbible with @get_repost #ThomasPaine ・・・
#OnThisDay in 1776, Common Sense by Thomas Paine was published. This pamphlet cited the Bible in its arguments to support the break with the British monarchy, and helped to fan the flames of liberty throughout America. Come see this edition on our Impact floor! #ArtifactoftheDay #museumoftheBible #Americanhistory
#OnThisDay in 1776, Common Sense by Thomas Paine was published. This pamphlet cited the Bible in its arguments to support the break with the British monarchy, and helped to fan the flames of liberty throughout America. Come see this edition on our Impact floor! #ArtifactoftheDay #museumoftheBible #Americanhistory
#OnThisDay  in 1776, Common Sense by Thomas Paine was published. This pamphlet cited the Bible in its arguments to support the break with the British monarchy, and helped to fan the flames of liberty throughout America. Come see this edition on our Impact floor! #ArtifactoftheDay  #museumoftheBible  #Americanhistory 
A stamped clay seal (bulla) was recently discovered in Jerusalem, about 100 meters northwest of the Western Wall in the ruins of a large Iron Age building of four rooms dated to the 7th century BC. The seal impression depicts two men facing one another with each raising one hand, perhaps in a salute or worship, and wearing striped garments of knee length. At the bottom of the seal in archaic Hebrew is the inscription “belonging to the governor of the city” (L Sr ‘r). Based on the archaeological context and the script, the seal would have been used around 700 BC. Measuring 13mm by 15 mm and about 3mm thick, it was formed from pressing a stone carved seal into clay that would have been applied to an official document of the governor of Jerusalem. Currently, 7 other seals or impressions with ancient Hebrew inscriptions have been discovered in the same building, and based on the location, size, and content of the building, it was used for government administration. The role “governor of the city” in rlation to Jerusalem is specified in the book of Kings and the book of Chronicles, and also once in relation to Samaria in the book of Kings. Maaseiah the governor of the city of Jerusalem and Joshua the governor of the city of Jerusalem served during the reign of Josiah in the 7th century BC, and Amon the governor of the city of Samaria fulfilled a similar role during the reign of Ahab in the 9th century BC. 2 Kings 23:8. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #seal #bulla #jerusalem #inscription #hebrew #governor #city #ironage #government #judah #israel #samaria #joshua #josiah #kings #chronicles #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
A stamped clay seal (bulla) was recently discovered in Jerusalem, about 100 meters northwest of the Western Wall in the ruins of a large Iron Age building of four rooms dated to the 7th century BC. The seal impression depicts two men facing one another with each raising one hand, perhaps in a salute or worship, and wearing striped garments of knee length. At the bottom of the seal in archaic Hebrew is the inscription “belonging to the governor of the city” (L Sr ‘r). Based on the archaeological context and the script, the seal would have been used around 700 BC. Measuring 13mm by 15 mm and about 3mm thick, it was formed from pressing a stone carved seal into clay that would have been applied to an official document of the governor of Jerusalem. Currently, 7 other seals or impressions with ancient Hebrew inscriptions have been discovered in the same building, and based on the location, size, and content of the building, it was used for government administration. The role “governor of the city” in rlation to Jerusalem is specified in the book of Kings and the book of Chronicles, and also once in relation to Samaria in the book of Kings. Maaseiah the governor of the city of Jerusalem and Joshua the governor of the city of Jerusalem served during the reign of Josiah in the 7th century BC, and Amon the governor of the city of Samaria fulfilled a similar role during the reign of Ahab in the 9th century BC. 2 Kings 23:8. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #seal  #bulla  #jerusalem  #inscription  #hebrew  #governor  #city  #ironage  #government  #judah  #israel  #samaria  #joshua  #josiah  #kings  #chronicles  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
#Repost @museumofbible (@get_repost)
・・・
#ArtifactoftheDay Gutenberg Bible Leaf. Gutenberg produced approximately 180 copies of his Bible, but only about twenty are known to survive today. #museumoftheBible #GutenbergGates #artifact #printing
#ArtifactoftheDay Scroll attributed to the scribe Shalmah ben Abraham, which may have been written around 1166. This makes the museum’s scroll one of the four earliest surviving examples of this biblical textual tradition. #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Scroll attributed to the scribe Shalmah ben Abraham, which may have been written around 1166. This makes the museum’s scroll one of the four earliest surviving examples of this biblical textual tradition. #museumoftheBible 
Herod the Great was designated as King of Judea by the Roman Senate in 40 BC, then sent back with an army, defeating both the Parthians and their allies the Hasmoneans. By 37 BC, Herod was in full control of the region with his capital at Jerusalem, and had the support of Rome. Issuing his own coins as king, including one which depicted the cap and star of the Dioscuri, Herod utilized divine imagery found in Roman religion that also may have had meaning in Judaism connected with the star of a prophesied future ruler. Throughout his reign, Herod demonstrated paranoia, opportunism, and violence, executing at least 7 members of his family and numerous political rivals. By the time Jesus was born in Bethlehem, Herod was extremely fearful of losing power to a son or a usurper. Then, magi from the east came to his court asking about the recently born king of the Judeans whose star they had seen. The scribes told Herod the Great about a prophecy from the book of Micah that the ruler would be born in Bethlehem, Herod ordered the “Massacre of the Innocents” to assure no rival would rise, and word began to circulate about Jesus. By the 2nd century AD, people all over the Roman Empire had heard of Jesus Christ and the miraculous story of the virgin birth in Bethlehem, including the philosopher Celsus and the emperor Hadrian. Matthew 1:18-2:8. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #christmas #jesus #christ #herod #judea #jerusalem #roman #bethlehem #star #dioscuri #messiah #magi #prophecy #micah #matthew #gospel #newtestament #bible #christianity #ancient #history #artifact #coin #artifactoftheday #merrychristmas
Herod the Great was designated as King of Judea by the Roman Senate in 40 BC, then sent back with an army, defeating both the Parthians and their allies the Hasmoneans. By 37 BC, Herod was in full control of the region with his capital at Jerusalem, and had the support of Rome. Issuing his own coins as king, including one which depicted the cap and star of the Dioscuri, Herod utilized divine imagery found in Roman religion that also may have had meaning in Judaism connected with the star of a prophesied future ruler. Throughout his reign, Herod demonstrated paranoia, opportunism, and violence, executing at least 7 members of his family and numerous political rivals. By the time Jesus was born in Bethlehem, Herod was extremely fearful of losing power to a son or a usurper. Then, magi from the east came to his court asking about the recently born king of the Judeans whose star they had seen. The scribes told Herod the Great about a prophecy from the book of Micah that the ruler would be born in Bethlehem, Herod ordered the “Massacre of the Innocents” to assure no rival would rise, and word began to circulate about Jesus. By the 2nd century AD, people all over the Roman Empire had heard of Jesus Christ and the miraculous story of the virgin birth in Bethlehem, including the philosopher Celsus and the emperor Hadrian. Matthew 1:18-2:8. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #christmas  #jesus  #christ  #herod  #judea  #jerusalem  #roman  #bethlehem  #star  #dioscuri  #messiah  #magi  #prophecy  #micah  #matthew  #gospel  #newtestament  #bible  #christianity  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #coin  #artifactoftheday  #merrychristmas 
Excavations at Ebla, Syria (Tell Mardikh), discovered a cache of about 20,000 clay tablets which give insight into economic, political, historical, religious, and linguistic aspects of life in Ebla. More than 8,000 of these tablets were from a city archive dated about 2400-2000 BC, prior to the destruction of the city. Texts were written in both Sumerian and Akkadian scripts, but included a local Eblaite dialect. Out of these thousands of tablets, 3 have been recovered and translated which contain a short creation poem. The texts are in the Eblaite language, and are currently the oldest known copy of any recovered creation text, although other creation accounts may have been originally composed earlier. The poem mentions the “Lord of heaven and earth, you had not made the earth exist, you created. You had not established the sun, you created. You had not (yet) made the morning light exist.” It also notes that this Lord has an efficacious word, is divine, and saves. The recovered fragments of the poem are concerned primarily with the initial creation of earth, light, and the sun, while sections such as the creation of plants, animals, and humans may have been in lost sections of the poem or not addressed. This Eblaite creation hymn, which is more similar than any other ancient Near Eastern or Egyptian creation text to the beginning of Genesis, is also the oldest copy of any creation account yet discovered. Genesis 1:1-18. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #ebla #syria #cuneiform #eblaite #sumerian #creation #poem #god #religion #bronzeage #earth #sun #light #genesis #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
Excavations at Ebla, Syria (Tell Mardikh), discovered a cache of about 20,000 clay tablets which give insight into economic, political, historical, religious, and linguistic aspects of life in Ebla. More than 8,000 of these tablets were from a city archive dated about 2400-2000 BC, prior to the destruction of the city. Texts were written in both Sumerian and Akkadian scripts, but included a local Eblaite dialect. Out of these thousands of tablets, 3 have been recovered and translated which contain a short creation poem. The texts are in the Eblaite language, and are currently the oldest known copy of any recovered creation text, although other creation accounts may have been originally composed earlier. The poem mentions the “Lord of heaven and earth, you had not made the earth exist, you created. You had not established the sun, you created. You had not (yet) made the morning light exist.” It also notes that this Lord has an efficacious word, is divine, and saves. The recovered fragments of the poem are concerned primarily with the initial creation of earth, light, and the sun, while sections such as the creation of plants, animals, and humans may have been in lost sections of the poem or not addressed. This Eblaite creation hymn, which is more similar than any other ancient Near Eastern or Egyptian creation text to the beginning of Genesis, is also the oldest copy of any creation account yet discovered. Genesis 1:1-18. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #ebla  #syria  #cuneiform  #eblaite  #sumerian  #creation  #poem  #god  #religion  #bronzeage  #earth  #sun  #light  #genesis  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
#ArtifactoftheDay Codex Climaci Rescriptus is a palimpsest manuscript consisting of different layers of texts, usually two but sometimes three, from different time periods. The upper text, inscribed in the ninth century, is a Syriac translation of two Greek works by John Climacus (ca. 579–649)! #artifact #museumoftheBible #history
#ArtifactoftheDay  Codex Climaci Rescriptus is a palimpsest manuscript consisting of different layers of texts, usually two but sometimes three, from different time periods. The upper text, inscribed in the ninth century, is a Syriac translation of two Greek works by John Climacus (ca. 579–649)! #artifact  #museumoftheBible  #history 
#ArtifactoftheDay In March 1943, the Life magazine published a special edition on USSR. The goal was to promote the relationship between USSR and the United States as they were allied. During World War II, USSR was part of the Alliance against the NSDAP in Germany. Here, two Canadians soldiers are showed reading this special issue. / #ArtefactsduJour En mars 1943, le magazine Life publie une édition spéciale sur URSS. L'objectif était de promouvoir la relation entre l'URSS et les États-Unis à l’époque alliés. Au cours de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l'URSS faisait partie de l'Alliance contre le NSDAP allemand. Sur cette photo, deux soldats canadiens sont montrés en train de lire ce numéro spécial. #life #lifemagazine #ww2 #worldwar2 #propaganda #urss #usahistory #militarymuseum #oldmagazine #1943
#ArtifactoftheDay  In March 1943, the Life magazine published a special edition on USSR. The goal was to promote the relationship between USSR and the United States as they were allied. During World War II, USSR was part of the Alliance against the NSDAP in Germany. Here, two Canadians soldiers are showed reading this special issue. / #ArtefactsduJour  En mars 1943, le magazine Life publie une édition spéciale sur URSS. L'objectif était de promouvoir la relation entre l'URSS et les États-Unis à l’époque alliés. Au cours de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l'URSS faisait partie de l'Alliance contre le NSDAP allemand. Sur cette photo, deux soldats canadiens sont montrés en train de lire ce numéro spécial. #life  #lifemagazine  #ww2  #worldwar2  #propaganda  #urss  #usahistory  #militarymuseum  #oldmagazine  #1943 
During excavations of an Iron Age building at Khirbet Qeiyafa, an inscribed storage jar was discovered on the floor underneath debris. The inscription consists of 15 letters in an ancient script similar to older Canaanite inscriptions, but distinct from later Phoenician, while the language is considered Hebrew. The archaeological context, the form of the letters, and the name on the jar places the date around 1000 BC. The inscription reads “Ishbaal son of Beda,” with a debated preceding word which has been suggested as “expiation.” Based on the finds at Qeiyafa, it was an Israelite town, perhaps Sha’arayim, and therefore the person mentioned on the jar would likely be an Israelite. According to the books of Chronicles and Samuel, King Saul had a son named Ishbaal who lived around this time, while the name “Beda” is yet unknown from any other texts. Although this would not have been the same Ishbaal who was a son of Saul, it suggests that the name was in use in Israelite circles only around 1000 BC, perhaps losing popularity due to the failure of Ishbaal and the "Baal" theophoric element. 1 Chronicles 8:33. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #qeiyafa #ishbaal #eshbaal #ishbosheth #saul #david #baal #inscription #hebrew #canaanite #phoenician #israelite #israel #ironage #samuel #chronicles #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
During excavations of an Iron Age building at Khirbet Qeiyafa, an inscribed storage jar was discovered on the floor underneath debris. The inscription consists of 15 letters in an ancient script similar to older Canaanite inscriptions, but distinct from later Phoenician, while the language is considered Hebrew. The archaeological context, the form of the letters, and the name on the jar places the date around 1000 BC. The inscription reads “Ishbaal son of Beda,” with a debated preceding word which has been suggested as “expiation.” Based on the finds at Qeiyafa, it was an Israelite town, perhaps Sha’arayim, and therefore the person mentioned on the jar would likely be an Israelite. According to the books of Chronicles and Samuel, King Saul had a son named Ishbaal who lived around this time, while the name “Beda” is yet unknown from any other texts. Although this would not have been the same Ishbaal who was a son of Saul, it suggests that the name was in use in Israelite circles only around 1000 BC, perhaps losing popularity due to the failure of Ishbaal and the "Baal" theophoric element. 1 Chronicles 8:33. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #qeiyafa  #ishbaal  #eshbaal  #ishbosheth  #saul  #david  #baal  #inscription  #hebrew  #canaanite  #phoenician  #israelite  #israel  #ironage  #samuel  #chronicles  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
RepostBy @museumofbible: "#ArtifactoftheDay Mesha Stele Facsimile. The Mesha Stele is a thirty-five-line inscription in Moabite written for Mesha, king of Moab, around 840 BC. A neighbor and often an enemy of Israel, Moab’s perspective of their relations is offered in the Mesha Stele with 2 Kings 3:1–27 recording the perspective of the biblical authors. The original is at the Louvre in Paris, France. #meshastele #history #museumoftheBible" (via #InstaRepost @AppsKottage)
RepostBy @museumofbible: "#ArtifactoftheDay  Mesha Stele Facsimile. The Mesha Stele is a thirty-five-line inscription in Moabite written for Mesha, king of Moab, around 840 BC. A neighbor and often an enemy of Israel, Moab’s perspective of their relations is offered in the Mesha Stele with 2 Kings 3:1–27 recording the perspective of the biblical authors. The original is at the Louvre in Paris, France. #meshastele  #history  #museumoftheBible " (via #InstaRepost  @AppsKottage)
"A few scholars have suggested another early possible reference to Israel which appears on a broken Egyptian place name list from the New Kingdom and Late Bronze Age, approximately 1570-1200 BC (Berlin Fragment AM21687). The stone fragment was part of a list commemorating conquest or subjugation, possibly from a statue pedestal. Two place names are clearly visible as Ashkelon and Canaan. The third, which has partially broken hieroglyphs and was proposed as a variant spelling of Israel. The inscription seems to show i-3-sh-i-ir, using the reed leaf, possible falcon, lotus pool, reed leaf, and eye. If the reconstructed, probable glyphs are accepted, the inscription reads "i-3-sh-ir" or ashir/asher, not Israel. There is no "R" present after the "sh" which poses one huge problem. Further, on the Merneptah Stele, every glyph spelling “Israel” is different, reading y-s-r-i-3-r/l, which is equivalent to the Hebrew spelling Ysr3l. Finally, on the Berlin fragment, Ashkelon is spelled with a "L" (lion), but the unknown name uses the "ir" (eye) rather than using an "L", while both of the “L” sounds in “Ashkelon” and “Israel” are spelled with the “R” (mouth) on the Merneptah Stele, demonstrating consistency in the use of those particular hieroglyphs within a text. In the Merneptah Stele, Asheklon is followed by Gezer and then Yanoam, and all three cities are designated as foreign places, while the people determinative is used for Israel, showing that it was not referring to a place name. According to a comparison with known place names, Asher/Ashir, found for instance in Papyrus Anastasi I and the Karnak List of Ramesses II and possibly associated with the tribe Asher, is the most plausible option. This place name Asher (Hebrew “3shr”) is found in Late Bronze Age and New Kingdom texts, which is also the probable date of the Berlin Fragment. Joshua 17:7. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #israel #hieroglyphs #egyptian #inscription #asher #spelling #ashkelon #canaan #gezer #yanoam #merneptah #ramesses #karnak #anastasi #newkingdom #latebronze #joshua #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday #artifact" (via #InstaRepost @AppsKottage)
"A few scholars have suggested another early possible reference to Israel which appears on a broken Egyptian place name list from the New Kingdom and Late Bronze Age, approximately 1570-1200 BC (Berlin Fragment AM21687). The stone fragment was part of a list commemorating conquest or subjugation, possibly from a statue pedestal. Two place names are clearly visible as Ashkelon and Canaan. The third, which has partially broken hieroglyphs and was proposed as a variant spelling of Israel. The inscription seems to show i-3-sh-i-ir, using the reed leaf, possible falcon, lotus pool, reed leaf, and eye. If the reconstructed, probable glyphs are accepted, the inscription reads "i-3-sh-ir" or ashir/asher, not Israel. There is no "R" present after the "sh" which poses one huge problem. Further, on the Merneptah Stele, every glyph spelling “Israel” is different, reading y-s-r-i-3-r/l, which is equivalent to the Hebrew spelling Ysr3l. Finally, on the Berlin fragment, Ashkelon is spelled with a "L" (lion), but the unknown name uses the "ir" (eye) rather than using an "L", while both of the “L” sounds in “Ashkelon” and “Israel” are spelled with the “R” (mouth) on the Merneptah Stele, demonstrating consistency in the use of those particular hieroglyphs within a text. In the Merneptah Stele, Asheklon is followed by Gezer and then Yanoam, and all three cities are designated as foreign places, while the people determinative is used for Israel, showing that it was not referring to a place name. According to a comparison with known place names, Asher/Ashir, found for instance in Papyrus Anastasi I and the Karnak List of Ramesses II and possibly associated with the tribe Asher, is the most plausible option. This place name Asher (Hebrew “3shr”) is found in Late Bronze Age and New Kingdom texts, which is also the probable date of the Berlin Fragment. Joshua 17:7. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #israel  #hieroglyphs  #egyptian  #inscription  #asher  #spelling  #ashkelon  #canaan  #gezer  #yanoam  #merneptah  #ramesses  #karnak  #anastasi  #newkingdom  #latebronze  #joshua  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday  #artifact " (via #InstaRepost  @AppsKottage)
‼️Disclaimer: we are just a bit bigger than the panels used to print this leaf‼️ #gutenberggates #museumofthebible
•
•
•
#ArtifactoftheDay Gutenberg Bible Leaf. Gutenberg produced approximately 180 copies of his Bible, but only about twenty are known to survive today.
‼️Disclaimer: we are just a bit bigger than the panels used to print this leaf‼️ #gutenberggates  #museumofthebible  • • • #ArtifactoftheDay  Gutenberg Bible Leaf. Gutenberg produced approximately 180 copies of his Bible, but only about twenty are known to survive today.
#ArtifactoftheDay Gutenberg Bible Leaf. Gutenberg produced approximately 180 copies of his Bible, but only about twenty are known to survive today. #museumoftheBible #GutenbergGates #artifact #printing
#ArtifactoftheDay Mesha Stele Facsimile. The Mesha Stele is a thirty-five-line inscription in Moabite written for Mesha, king of Moab, around 840 BC. A neighbor and often an enemy of Israel, Moab’s perspective of their relations is offered in the Mesha Stele with 2 Kings 3:1–27 recording the perspective of the biblical authors. The original is at the Louvre in Paris, France. #meshastele #history #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Mesha Stele Facsimile. The Mesha Stele is a thirty-five-line inscription in Moabite written for Mesha, king of Moab, around 840 BC. A neighbor and often an enemy of Israel, Moab’s perspective of their relations is offered in the Mesha Stele with 2 Kings 3:1–27 recording the perspective of the biblical authors. The original is at the Louvre in Paris, France. #meshastele  #history  #museumoftheBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay: A luxurious and expensive Book of Hours and Psalter produced for Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Northampton. #manuscript #museumoftheBible
#ArtifactoftheDay The Canadian Armed Forces served in Cyprus under the United Nations’ Peacekeeping Force from 1964 to 1993. A total of more than 25 000 Canadians were involved in the several mission in Cyprus. This picture was taken in the 1980’s. / #ObjetduJour Les Forces armées canadiennes ont servi à Chypre sous la tutelle des Forces de Maintien de la paix des Nations Unies entre 1964 à 1993. Au total, plus de 25 000 Canadiens ont participé à plusieurs missions à Chypre. Cette photo a été prise dans les années 1980. #unitednations #UN #Cyprus #peacekeeper #peacekeeping #canadianarmy #museumcollection #museum #artifact #artefact #bluehelmet #baseballcap #1980s
#ArtifactoftheDay  The Canadian Armed Forces served in Cyprus under the United Nations’ Peacekeeping Force from 1964 to 1993. A total of more than 25 000 Canadians were involved in the several mission in Cyprus. This picture was taken in the 1980’s. / #ObjetduJour  Les Forces armées canadiennes ont servi à Chypre sous la tutelle des Forces de Maintien de la paix des Nations Unies entre 1964 à 1993. Au total, plus de 25 000 Canadiens ont participé à plusieurs missions à Chypre. Cette photo a été prise dans les années 1980. #unitednations  #UN  #Cyprus  #peacekeeper  #peacekeeping  #canadianarmy  #museumcollection  #museum  #artifact  #artefact  #bluehelmet  #baseballcap  #1980s 
Reconstructed castellated rim sherd donated to the museum in 1979. Pots were decorated when the clay was still malliable. After the pots were decorated and left to dry, the clay was fired. It is important the pottery cools slowly after the firing process to minimize the danger of cracking.  #artifactoftheday #ontarioarchaeology #pottery #rimsherd #castellation
Reconstructed castellated rim sherd donated to the museum in 1979. Pots were decorated when the clay was still malliable. After the pots were decorated and left to dry, the clay was fired. It is important the pottery cools slowly after the firing process to minimize the danger of cracking. #artifactoftheday  #ontarioarchaeology  #pottery  #rimsherd  #castellation 
Two ceramic cult stands or altars were found at Taanach which are typically thought to have been used for burning incense, but more likely for pouring libations or even in association with sacred plants. This altar, dating to the 10th century BC in the Iron Age II, not long after the time in which King Solomon made the city of Taanach one of the centers for his 12 deputies, was nearly 1 meter high, had a hole in the top, and was hollow. It was elaborately decorated with the faces of bodies and animals, some of which appear to represent demons, and had a winged sun disk deity depicted near the top. Other discoveries of note from Taanach in this period include a basalt basin, a mold for making cultic figurines, stelae or standing stones, cultic vessels, loom weights, and pig astragali. The form of this altar or stand is completely contrary to the instructions in the Mosaic Law, and it may be an example of the new religious objects that Jeroboam instituted to prevent the northern tribes from going to Jerusalem for worship. 1 Kings 12:27-33. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #taanach #tanach #altar #ceramic #libation #religion #cult #syncretism #demons #sun #deity #pagan #sacred #law #moses #solomon #jeroboam #israel #kings #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
Two ceramic cult stands or altars were found at Taanach which are typically thought to have been used for burning incense, but more likely for pouring libations or even in association with sacred plants. This altar, dating to the 10th century BC in the Iron Age II, not long after the time in which King Solomon made the city of Taanach one of the centers for his 12 deputies, was nearly 1 meter high, had a hole in the top, and was hollow. It was elaborately decorated with the faces of bodies and animals, some of which appear to represent demons, and had a winged sun disk deity depicted near the top. Other discoveries of note from Taanach in this period include a basalt basin, a mold for making cultic figurines, stelae or standing stones, cultic vessels, loom weights, and pig astragali. The form of this altar or stand is completely contrary to the instructions in the Mosaic Law, and it may be an example of the new religious objects that Jeroboam instituted to prevent the northern tribes from going to Jerusalem for worship. 1 Kings 12:27-33. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #taanach  #tanach  #altar  #ceramic  #libation  #religion  #cult  #syncretism  #demons  #sun  #deity  #pagan  #sacred  #law  #moses  #solomon  #jeroboam  #israel  #kings  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
A group of 102 ostraca, of which only 63 are legible, were found in the treasury of the Samaria palace. These ostraca were written with ink in the archaic Hebrew/Phoenician script and are economic in nature, specifically as receipts of tax payments to the government paid in wine and oil. Many of the receipts begin with the line “in the X year” (of the king), and include the names of the taxpayers, royal officials, and locations. The ostraca are significant for the study of ancient Hebrew and the economy of the Kingdom of Israel, but they also contain several personal names which appear in the Bible, a few villages that have been tentatively identified, and the city of Shechem. A sample of the personal names found in the ostraca, such as Nimshi, Abedyau, Akhinoam, Akhimelek, Khanan, Kheles, Gomer, Qedar, Sheba, Gaddiyau, Shemaryau, Abibaal, Meribaal, Elisha, and Natan, demonstrates that there was a mix of names with theophoric elements of El, Yah, and Baal, names found in the Hebrew Bible, and names more commonly found in inscriptions of the surrounding nations. The impression given from the names in the receipts suggests that the people in the Kingdom of Israel adopted religious beliefs and names of the surrounding nations. The years of the king mentioned are 9 and 10, although year 15 and 17 may also appear. The ostraca date to the 8th century BC, and probably the reigns of Jeroboam II and Menahem. Menahem ruled only 10 years and heavily taxed his subjects to pay the Assyrian tribute, which suggests that most or even all of the receipts came from his reign. 2 Kings 15:17-22. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #samaria #palace #ostraca #jeroboam #menahem #israel #hebrew #phoenician #yahweh #baal #taxes #government #economics #wine #oil #kings #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #istanbul #byzantium #museum #artifactoftheday
A group of 102 ostraca, of which only 63 are legible, were found in the treasury of the Samaria palace. These ostraca were written with ink in the archaic Hebrew/Phoenician script and are economic in nature, specifically as receipts of tax payments to the government paid in wine and oil. Many of the receipts begin with the line “in the X year” (of the king), and include the names of the taxpayers, royal officials, and locations. The ostraca are significant for the study of ancient Hebrew and the economy of the Kingdom of Israel, but they also contain several personal names which appear in the Bible, a few villages that have been tentatively identified, and the city of Shechem. A sample of the personal names found in the ostraca, such as Nimshi, Abedyau, Akhinoam, Akhimelek, Khanan, Kheles, Gomer, Qedar, Sheba, Gaddiyau, Shemaryau, Abibaal, Meribaal, Elisha, and Natan, demonstrates that there was a mix of names with theophoric elements of El, Yah, and Baal, names found in the Hebrew Bible, and names more commonly found in inscriptions of the surrounding nations. The impression given from the names in the receipts suggests that the people in the Kingdom of Israel adopted religious beliefs and names of the surrounding nations. The years of the king mentioned are 9 and 10, although year 15 and 17 may also appear. The ostraca date to the 8th century BC, and probably the reigns of Jeroboam II and Menahem. Menahem ruled only 10 years and heavily taxed his subjects to pay the Assyrian tribute, which suggests that most or even all of the receipts came from his reign. 2 Kings 15:17-22. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #samaria  #palace  #ostraca  #jeroboam  #menahem  #israel  #hebrew  #phoenician  #yahweh  #baal  #taxes  #government  #economics  #wine  #oil  #kings  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #istanbul  #byzantium  #museum  #artifactoftheday 
*back at it*
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
#history #curator #artifactoftheday #museumwork #vintage
#ArtifactoftheDay Small Bronze Coin, Bar Kokhba Revolt, Year One.
The Jews rebelled against Rome’s power in AD 132 under the leadership of Simon bar Kokhba who had several editions of coins struck using a paleo-Hebrew script from ancient Israel for the coins' inscriptions. This  pointed to the Jews' ancestral roots. Each coin was a declaration of the Jews’ independence and asserted their power. #mBible #coin #history
#ArtifactoftheDay  Small Bronze Coin, Bar Kokhba Revolt, Year One. The Jews rebelled against Rome’s power in AD 132 under the leadership of Simon bar Kokhba who had several editions of coins struck using a paleo-Hebrew script from ancient Israel for the coins' inscriptions. This pointed to the Jews' ancestral roots. Each coin was a declaration of the Jews’ independence and asserted their power. #mBible  #coin  #history 
#ArtifactoftheDay Common Sense by Thomas Paine, 1776.
In 1776, the year following the first military engagements of the Revolutionary War, Thomas Paine published "Common Sense." This pamphlet cited the Bible in its arguments to support the break with the British monarchy, and helped to fan the flames of liberty throughout America. Though unsympathetic to the Bible himself, Paine drew on its importance to the American public to make a powerful case for revolution and independence. #mBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Common Sense by Thomas Paine, 1776. In 1776, the year following the first military engagements of the Revolutionary War, Thomas Paine published "Common Sense." This pamphlet cited the Bible in its arguments to support the break with the British monarchy, and helped to fan the flames of liberty throughout America. Though unsympathetic to the Bible himself, Paine drew on its importance to the American public to make a powerful case for revolution and independence. #mBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay Great Isaiah Scroll Facsimile, an exact replica of the most complete biblical book found at Qumran and one of few facsimiles in the world. The original is preserved at the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem. #mBible #Qumran #deadsea
#ArtifactoftheDay  Great Isaiah Scroll Facsimile, an exact replica of the most complete biblical book found at Qumran and one of few facsimiles in the world. The original is preserved at the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem. #mBible  #Qumran  #deadsea 
A 9th century BC Assyrian stone relief found at the inner face of the entrance to the temple of Ninurta in Kalhu (Nimrud) depicts the figure of a man inside a fish, which is also found numerous times in artwork of the Neo-Assyrian period. The iconography has been variously interpreted as Dagon, Oannes, a protective spirit, or a priest wearing a fish costume. Dagon had been worshipped for centuries throughout the ancient Near East, and was known in Philistia, Canaan, Phoenicia, and Mesopotamia, including Assyria. The idea of Dagon being part fish or wearing a fish goes back to ancient times, but the identification of the iconography is uncertain. According to the 3rd century BC priest, astronomer, and historian Berossus of Babylon, there was an ancient myth about a deity dwelling in the sea with the form of a man inside the form of a fish. This deity rose out of the waters during the day to impart knowledge to humans, and he was called Oannes by Berossus. After being spewed out of the fish onto land, Jonah proceeded to Nineveh. The cuneiform logogram for Nineveh is a fish inside a house, which probably originally goes back to the Hurrian goddess Šauška associated with fish, and likely the irony was not lost on Jonah. The people of Nineveh may have even received word that Jonah was expelled from a fish and associated him with a major deity. The iconography of the man inside the fish would have been known to those in Nineveh that Jonah spoke to, and because of the story of Jonah being inside the great fish, perhaps the people immediately connected Jonah with the divine and gave more heed to his message because of it. Jonah 2:10-3:5. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #kalhu #calah #nimrud #assyria #nineveh #dagon #oannes #jonah #fish #god #religion #temple #berossus #prophet #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
A 9th century BC Assyrian stone relief found at the inner face of the entrance to the temple of Ninurta in Kalhu (Nimrud) depicts the figure of a man inside a fish, which is also found numerous times in artwork of the Neo-Assyrian period. The iconography has been variously interpreted as Dagon, Oannes, a protective spirit, or a priest wearing a fish costume. Dagon had been worshipped for centuries throughout the ancient Near East, and was known in Philistia, Canaan, Phoenicia, and Mesopotamia, including Assyria. The idea of Dagon being part fish or wearing a fish goes back to ancient times, but the identification of the iconography is uncertain. According to the 3rd century BC priest, astronomer, and historian Berossus of Babylon, there was an ancient myth about a deity dwelling in the sea with the form of a man inside the form of a fish. This deity rose out of the waters during the day to impart knowledge to humans, and he was called Oannes by Berossus. After being spewed out of the fish onto land, Jonah proceeded to Nineveh. The cuneiform logogram for Nineveh is a fish inside a house, which probably originally goes back to the Hurrian goddess Šauška associated with fish, and likely the irony was not lost on Jonah. The people of Nineveh may have even received word that Jonah was expelled from a fish and associated him with a major deity. The iconography of the man inside the fish would have been known to those in Nineveh that Jonah spoke to, and because of the story of Jonah being inside the great fish, perhaps the people immediately connected Jonah with the divine and gave more heed to his message because of it. Jonah 2:10-3:5. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #kalhu  #calah  #nimrud  #assyria  #nineveh  #dagon  #oannes  #jonah  #fish  #god  #religion  #temple  #berossus  #prophet  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
#ArtifactoftheDay Written and illuminated around 1450, most likely in #London, the Rice Psalter is a luxurious psalter for liturgical rather than private use. A later inscription added to the book requests the reader’s prayers for “Symon Rice and Letyce his wyffe” along with their family. The Rice Psalter is a good example of the English art of manuscript illumination in the mid-fifteenth century. #mBible
#ArtifactoftheDay  Written and illuminated around 1450, most likely in #London , the Rice Psalter is a luxurious psalter for liturgical rather than private use. A later inscription added to the book requests the reader’s prayers for “Symon Rice and Letyce his wyffe” along with their family. The Rice Psalter is a good example of the English art of manuscript illumination in the mid-fifteenth century. #mBible 
#ArtifactoftheDay: This small barrel cylinder commemorates the completion of a major public works project by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar—a wall along the eastern bank of the Euphrates River to improve the defenses of the city of Babylon. 
The object itself—along with dozens of duplicates—would have been inserted into small niches in the wall and then covered, never intended to be read by mortals. #mBible #artifact
#ArtifactoftheDay : This small barrel cylinder commemorates the completion of a major public works project by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar—a wall along the eastern bank of the Euphrates River to improve the defenses of the city of Babylon.  The object itself—along with dozens of duplicates—would have been inserted into small niches in the wall and then covered, never intended to be read by mortals. #mBible  #artifact